Due to it’s location in the night sky, it can be seen throughout the world. This is a bright yellow-blue star, slightly less than 1st magnitude, and as the alpha star of the constellation embodies the principles of courage, and success through trials. Even though it is the smallest constellation, it is easily distinguished by its 4 stars that all have an apparent magnitude brighter than +2.8. It's brightest star is Mirfak at magnitude 1.79. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae. Surrounded by prominent stars, nebulae, asterisms, and other celestial bodies, the Perseus constellation is quite fascinating to study. Messier 34 is an open cluster with 400 stars, and it is just barely discernible with the naked eye in pitch dark conditions with no Moon; Messier 76 is a planetary nebula found 2,500 light-years away which is also known as the The Little Dumbbell Nebula because it resembles the Dumbbell Nebula (M27) in Vulpecula; and the California Nebula is eponymously named after the state of California, whose shape it is said to resemble. The constellation Perseus occupies an area of 615 square degrees and contains three stars with known planets. He is the son of the daughter of King Acrisius, Danae. Star Constellations Now that you know the importance of constellations, why not name a star in one? Cepheus is the 27th largest constellation in the night … Most constellation names are Latin in origin, dating from the Roman empire, but their meanings often originated in the distant past of human civilization. Constellation Draco Astrology. It was the time of Hellenistic astrology when the tropical and sidereal zodiac where almost the same, when the zodiac based on seasons, with the beginning at the spring equinox (0 Aries), was the same with the zodiac based on the position of fixed stars. Cepheus is visible to the upper right of Polaris, the North Star. Major stars in Perseus constellation. This is the list of notable stars in the constellation Perseus, sorted by decreasing brightness. You have probably heard of the zodiac constellations, but there are 76 more constellations out there, all with different myths, legends and meanings. The Arabs also called it the “Demon Star”, and the word Algol is actually derived from their name for it – ra’s al-ghul (Head of the Ogre), which incidentally is also the name of the supervillian in the DC comics who heads the League Of Assassins. Orion got its name after a hunter in Greek Mythology who was thought to be the son of the God Poseidon. Hera was so angry about the affair that she turned Castillo into a bear. The constellation is fairly faint and difficult to see in light-polluted areas. Its name comes from the Arabic word al-ghul, which means "female demon." The constellation Cepheus is a northern hemispheric constellation that is visible all year round. Also known at the ‘Big Dipper’ or the ‘Great Bear’. The constellation is further decorated with two meteor showers- the Perseids and the September Persides which are queer but wonderful astronomical … What this means is that its own stars are too weak to ionize the gas and make it glow (making it an Emission Nebula), and instead, its illumination is dependent on the surrounding stars. FACTS, LOCATION & MAP Andromeda is the 19th largest constellation in the sky, occupying an area of 722 square degrees. Algol is also a very well-known star as it was the first-discovered eclipsing-binary, and every couple of days it dims to a magnitude of 3.4 before returning back to being bright again. Historically, Algol seems to have been equally despised or feared by everyone who ever put a name to it. Also … As a baby, he and his mother were put in a chest and cast into the sea by Acrisius, Danae’s father. Draco represents the dragon that guarded the golden apples in the garden of the Hesperides. It has around 27 times our sun’s radius, 16 times its mass, and about 47,000 times its luminosity. Perseus, constellation in the northern sky at about 4 hours right ascension and 40° north in declination. It happened 4.6 billion years ago, and that nebula is likely long gone by now, or possibly on the other … An oracle had told Acrisiusa that a son of Danae would one day kill him. Today, Perseus is still the name of a constellation in the northern sky. Likewise, the constellation of Perseus can be found in the celestial heavens surrounded by a family of other constellations closely associated with his exploits. First locate the bright W-shape of Cassiopeia, the Queen of the North Pole. It is about 7.3 times more massive than the Sun, 60 times bigger, and around 5,000 times more luminous. Crux is also known by many as the Southern Cross due to the positions of the stars forming the shape of a cross. King Acrisius ruled Argos and after the prediction that he will meet his end at the hand of his grandson locked Danae in prison. Visible from the Southern Hemisphere, Crux is known for being used as a navigation tool, similar to how the Northern Star was used by sailors to determine their latitude. Ursa Major is visible from the Northern Hemisphere all year around meaning it is circumpolar. With Star-Name-Registry, you can choose which constellation you would like to name a star in! The Perseus constellation is a boreal constellation that gets its name from Greek mythology. The poet makes much of Beowulf’s chain mail, the stars of the Milky Way shining around the stars of his constellation. Have you ever thought about naming a star after someone? This constellation can appear faint, but it is easily located in the north in August and September evenings. Perseus, angered by the king, took out Medusa’s head and turned him into a stone. This include his wife, Andromeda, as well as his murderous in-laws, Cepheus and Cassiopeia, who left their daughter Andromeda chained to a rock so Cetus, the Sea Monster, could kill her instead of destroying their city. As the Earth rotates, different parts of the sky are visible at different times and different locations, for example, the constellation Draco can only be seen in the Northern Hemisphere. Perseus boasts one of the most impressive meteor showers of any constellation, The Perseids, which occur during a nice warm time of the year in the northern hemisphere, thus encouraging many people to go outside and take a look. The 12 Zodiac constellations are the constellations that lie along the apparent path of the sun, meaning that the sun passes through these constellations over a period of 12 months. The familiar constellation of Orion, the three stars in the center are known as Orion's belt. The brightest star of the constellation is Mirfak, located in the side of the breast and therefore sometimes referred to as Algenib, Arabic for 'side'. This Megapenthes was a son of Proteus and a half-brother of Perseus. Alpha Persei is a supergiant star belonging to the spectral class F5 Ib. It’s quite protracted, lasting from around July 17th to August 24th, and peaking around August 9-13th when about one or two meteors per minute, or 60 to 100 meteors per hour can be seen. The stars of Perseus lie near to Cassiopeia and Andromeda. The sun also passes through Ophiuchus and Cetus, but as these constellations are part of the Hercules and Perseus families, they are not considered part of the Zodiac. Constellations were also used for navigation and to help sailors travel across oceans. Beside her lies the Y-shaped constellation of Perseus, which is high up near the zenith in December in the northern hemisphere. The award of the brightest star in Perseus constellation goes to Mirfak, Alpha Persei, with an associated magnitude of 1.79. – Mirfak (Alpha Persei), the constellation’s brightest star, is a blue-white supergiant situated 592 light years away that shines with a visual magnitude of 1.806. There are lots of notable deep-sky objects (star clusters, nebulae and galaxies) in Perseus to enjoy, such as the Alpha Persei Cluster, which is visible to the naked eye as a group of blue stars, and at just 60 million years old is astronomically speaking very young . The system is located 92.95 light years away and shines with an apparent magnitude of 2.09, making it the 60th brightest star in the entire night sky. Perseus constellation holds an important stance in the Greek mythology and is named after the Greek hero Perseus. March 25, 2015 Algol has a long and venerable history. Perseus is near several constellations whose names derive from the adventures of the Greek hero, known as the Perseus Group. Also nearby is faithful Pegasus, the legendary winged horse who served Perseus and Andromeda all his mortal life. – Atik (Zeta Persei), the constellation’s third brightest star, is a blue-white supergiant located 750 light years from our solar system with a magnitude of 2.86. Perseus is visible to observers located between +90° and −35° lattitude, and can be seen in the Northern hemisphere from August to March, and in the Southern hemisphere during spring and early summer. Ursa Major. Representing a Greek demigod, the constellation is known for its antiquity. The Myth Behind the Constellation Perseus. The constellation is one of the original constellations that was devised by the Ancient Greco-Egyptian astronomer Ptolemy who lived between 90 A.D. and 168 A.D. There are also much smaller clouds but they form stars at much lower rates, so it seems pretty likely something like Perseus is where we got our start. Another Megapenthes killed Perseus. It is the 24th biggest constellation in the night sky, and its brightest star, Mirfak, is a yellow-white supergiant 592 light years away that shines with an apparent magnitude of 1.8, making it the 35th brightest star in the entire sky. Possibly the most famous constellation in the night sky and the most visible constellation in the sky. With a magnitude of 1.8, its brightest star is Mirfak (from the Arabic for “the elbow”), which is also known as Algenib (from the Arabic for “the side”). Being located along the Milky Way, Perseus has many interesting stars and deep sky objects to explore, and as of 2017 it has had seven stars with confirmed planets discovered within its boundaries. 0. You can also find Messier 34, Messier 76, and the California Nebula (NGC 1499), in this constellation. Mirfak is circumpolar in latitudes … Typically its gas has a great deal of carbon in it, in the form of diamonds, which makes it very reflective. Another is Caldwell 14, sometimes called simply The Double Cluster, which is less than 13 million years old and despite presently being 7,500 light years away is also heading right for us at a rate of 22 kms per second. Comet Swift-Tuttle is within our solar system and orbits the Sun roughly every 130 years. The boundary of the Perseus constellation contains 7 stars that host known exoplanets. In addition, it usually has very high levels of iron, the particles of which align themselves with the galactic magnetic field, which in turn causes the light to be polarized. Perseus is bordered by Andromeda, Aries, Auriga, Camelopardalis, Cassiopeia, Taurus and … Do you know the importance of a constellation? Perseus is a northern constellation which appears highest in the evening sky in the months … The official definition of a constellation is an area of the sky with defined boundaries, all stars and any other objects within that boundary are considered part of the constellation. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); December 2020 — Night Sky Guide & Key Dates. In Ancient times, constellations were used to create and track the calendar so they knew when to plant crops and harvest them. Crux is also known by many as the Southern Cross due to the positions of the stars forming the shape of a cross. 4SharesConstellation Perseus the Champion, is a northern constellation sitting above constellation Taurus and below constellation Cassiopeia, and between constellation Andromeda and constellation Auriga u. Perseus spans 28 degrees of the Zodiac in the Signs of Taurus and Gemini, and contains 12 named fixed stars. The celestial sky is usually divided into two different hemispheres, the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere. Mythology Aries, the ram, is the constellation which was placed at the vernal equinox when the horoscopic astrology began, around 300 BCE. There are many Greek Myths behind this constellation, with one being that Hera found out that her husband and the God, Zeus, was having an affair with Castillo. It and many of the surrounding stars are members of an open cluster known as the Alpha Persei Cluster. The meteors appear to flow from the constellation Perseus (hence the name Perseids) in mid-August. It has a visual magnitude of 1.806 and is approximately 510 light years distant. Orion was thought to be a giant and very handsome Hunter. Scorpius, for instance, was given its name from the Latin word for scorpion, but ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs from before 3000 B.C. Constellations are useful because they help stargazers and astronomers recognise specific stars in the night sky. As the son of Zeus and Danaë, Perseus was one of Greek mythology’s most celebrated heroes, and had a whole host of legends associated with his adventures. 5 Bizarre Paradoxes Of Time Travel Explained, 10 Interesting Nikola Tesla Facts And Quotes, 10 Interesting Facts about White Dwarf Stars, 100m Liquid Telescope To Be Placed On The Moon, Water Discovered on Sunlit Surface of the Moon, Dwarf Planet Ceres Found to Be an Ocean World, Astronomers Verify Proxima Centauri Hosts Earth-Sized Planet. Here are some interesting facts about the Perseus constellation. Interestingly, although The Perseids and the September Perseids seem to appear from the same radiant, the two showers are separate and are formed from different comets. The brightest stars in the constellation — Alpheratz, Mirach and Almach — form a chain between the Great Square of Pegasus and the constellation Perseus. Beowulf is represented by the constellation Perseus, the generic hero. Positioned north of the ecliptic plane, the constellation of Perseus was one of the original 48 constellations listed by Ptolemy, and endures as one of … The constellation is named for the Greek mythological hero and demigod Perseus, known for slaying the Gorgon Medusa. Perseus is the 24th largest constellation in the night sky and it lies in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere. Today, constellations are less important than they were in Ancient History. Even though it is the smallest constellation, it is easily distinguished by its 4 stars that all have an apparent magnitude brighter than +2.8. The constellation name means Perseus . This constellation contains the notable There are plenty of other interesting stars in Perseus, too, including Gamma Persei (giant yellow star), Gorgonea Tertia (red giant), Zeta Persei (blue super giant), Nash (orange giant), and more. Ursa Major is a very large constellation and even has an accompanying constellation called Ursa Minor, or the ‘Little Dipper’. Let’s start off with the basics, what is a constellation? The galactic plane of the Milky Way passes through Perseus, whose brightest star is the yellow-white supergiant Alpha Persei (also called Mirfak), which shines at magnitude 1.79. Everyone is born during a Zodiac month and is thought to carry specific traits based on their zodiac constellation. The Perseid meteorite shower, the most impressive in the sky, does not actually come from the constellation Perseus but is the rubble left behind from the Comet Swift-Tuttle, the supposed parent of the Perseids. It has a distinctive shape that resembles a house. A constellation is a star group that forms a specific pattern or shape based on the positions of the stars. The star Mirfak is also known as Algenib, with their names derived from the Arabic for “elbow” and “flank” respectively. It is one of the larger northern constellations and is popular for its Perseid meteor shower. The constellation of Perseus, the Hero (son of Zeus), is best viewed in Winter during the month of December. Perseus is the 24th largest in terms of size in the night sky. The Constellation of Perseus (Referred to in scientific Latin as Perseus - whose genitive is Persei-, abbreviated as Per) is a boreal constellation that lies between the constellations of Cassiopeia, Auriga, Taurus, Aries and Andromeda.. Its main stars are the supergiant Algenib (also called α-Persei) and Algol (β-Persei), but include other more that form a total of 19 stars. These four stars are named Scheat, Alpheratz, Markab and Algenib. Now, due to the precession of the equin… Perseus also contains an interesting Reflection Nebula called NGC 1333. Once you find Ursa Major, you can easily spot the Northern Star (Polaris) and by using the height of the Northern Star, you could figure out your latitude. But that’s not all, there’s also a minor shower following close on its heels called the September Perseids, which takes place between September 5th and 17th, with a peak on the 9th of around 3 meteors per hour. The star, known as Algol, is located in the constellation of Perseus, the Hero, and has been known since ancient times as "The Demon Star." The visibility of a constellation depends on your location on Earth and the time of year you are in. Draco spans over 250 degrees of the Zodiac from the Signs of Aries to Sagittarius, and contains 18 named fixed stars. Perseus is a constellation in the northern sky. – Mirfak (Alpha Persei), the constellation’s brightest star, is a blue-white supergiant situated 592 light years away that shines with a visual magnitude of 1.806. It was known as Satan’s Head to the Hebrews, Tseih She (Piled Corpses) to the Chinese, and in skylore is associated with the Gorgon Medusa, who had snakes instead of hair and could turn a person to stone with a single glance. Perseus has an interesting history, and it was Ptolemy, the Father of eighty-eight subjects who cataloged it in the second century. Zeus then placed her in the sky along with their son, Arcas, who became the Little Bear accompanying her. © 2020 - part of RGifts Ltd. company number: 8974590, VAT number: 215 5078 24. Constellations are used to map out the night sky and to recognise specific stars in the sky. Perseus is located in the northern sky, after Andromeda and was named after the Greek hero Perseus. Of course the most frequent visual target in Perseus is NGC 1260, a spiral galaxy containing one of the brightest stellar objects we’ve ever seen, the remnants of supernova SN 2006g. Perseus follows Cassiopeia in a great arc around the northern sky. The constellation Perseus is located next to Andromeda, the constellation that represents his wife. Peter Christoforou Perseus has been recognized as a constellation for at least 2,000 years. Perseus Constellation. It is located in the first quadrant of the northern hemisphere (NQ1). After his death, Perseus was made immortal and put among the stars. On September 18th, 2006, in a galaxy 240 million light-years distant astronomers detected what turned out to be the second largest supernova ever recorded by modern scientists, being more than one hundred times more powerful than a typical supernova. Other constellations in the Perseus Group include Andromeda, Cassiopeia and Pegasus. The celestial hero is flanked by Aries and Taurus to the south, Auriga to the east, Cassiopeia to the north, and the Andromeda galaxy (named after Perseus' wife) to … There are 11 stars that make up the main constellation. The Perseus constellation rises on the spring equinox and sets on Samhain, so any action he takes must occur between these two dates. This constellation inherited its name after the mythical king of Ethiopia. It could be seen throughout the year between +90° and -35°. It is the brightest star in Perseus constellation and one of the brightest stars in the sky. Although called a minor shower, it has been known to produce some really interesting displays, so don’t forget to give Perseus’ lesser know meteor shower due attention. So they knew when to plant crops and harvest them, nebulae, asterisms, around..., known as the Southern Cross due to it ’ s radius, 16 its. 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