Very fe… Index to Townships in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta and British Columbia to Illustrate Progresses of the Dominion Lands Surveys [map]. Property Assessment. The Town of Brooklands amalgamated with the City of St. James in 1969; part of the City of Winnipeg since January 1, 1972. Work resumed in 1871; however, the system was redesigned to use 6-mile townships with 640-acre sections based on a suggestion from Lieutenant-Governor of the North-West Territories William McDougall, who advocated that most of the settlers would come from the United States, so it was "advisable to offer them lots of a size to which they have been accustomed." The towns of Altona, Arborg, Beausejour, Carberry, Carman, Lac du Bonnet, Melita, Niverville, Powerview-Pine Falls, Ste. preloved_found preloved_found. The first meridian was chosen at 97°27′28.4″ west longitude and was established in 1869. In townships surveyed from 1881 to the present, road allowances are reduced both in width and in number. Many are other fractions of a section (a half-quarter section—roughly 80 acres (320,000 m2) in area is common). The initial plan, though based on the square townships of the American Public Lands Survey System, involved 9-mile townships divided into sixty-four 800-acre sections consisting of four 200-acre lots each. These 170 townships covered 16,536 km2, most of most of which had been surveyed between 1871 and 1875 with the majority (97%) of the work completed in 1872. Generally at right angles from the river, the long narrow lots gave farmers equal access to the resources of the river. The main east–west lines are the baselines. Covering about 800,000 square kilometres (310,000 sq mi), the survey system and its terminology are deeply ingrained in the rural culture of the Prairies. Download Township grid in SHAPE format : Return to Cadastral : Rev. The Dominion Land Survey System still differed from the Public Land System because it contained road allowances. Township 9 in ranges 17, 18 and 19, west of principal meridian. In townships surveyed from 1871 to 1880 (most of southern Manitoba, part of southeastern Saskatchewan and a small region near Prince Albert, Saskatchewan), there are road allowances of 1 1 ⁄ 2 chains (30 m) surrounding every section. The federal government then surveyed these areas under the DLS. With this section township range finder, you can view and search the Public Land Survey System (PLSS), also known as Congressional townships or survey townships, all the way down to the section, quarter section and quarter quarter section level anywhere in the U.S., all overlaid on a fully interactive Google Map. Alphabetical list of towns in Manitoba. Canada Topographical Surveys Branch. Road allowances are one of the differences between the Canadian DLS and the American Public Land Survey System, which leaves no extra space for roads. [6], Until very recently, surveying to take distance and angular measurements was done with manually controlled instruments. Kim Orlick. In the Prairies, we're all about our small towns. Canada's introduction of a railway and surveying was a means to discourage American encroachment. Consequently, although they were remarkably accurate for the time, today they are known to be several hundred metres in error. File 353 - Index showing the townships in Manitoba, the North-West Territories and British Columbia. Township 1 is the first north of the First Baseline, and the numbers increase to the north. These in no way constitute an official change to the Dominion Land Survey system, but nonetheless often appear as part of the legal description. ", Index to Townships in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia: Showing the Townships for which Official and Preliminary Plans have been issued up to January 1st, 1929. This system differs from the first survey because rather than running section lines parallel to the eastern boundary they run true north-south. Urban developments superimpose new survey lots and plans over the older section and township grid also. Range numbers recommence with Range 1 at each meridian and increase to the west (also east of First Meridian and Coast Meridian). A section may also be split into as many as 16 legal subdivisions (LSDs). Township 10 in ranges 17, 18 and 19, west of principal meridian, exclusive of the city of Brandon. Townships are designated by their "township number" and "range number". Manitoba History 58 (2008): 23+.. To begin surveying a party chief would have to buy approximately $400 worth of instruments. The east and west boundaries of these townships therefore do not align, and north–south roads that follow the survey system have to jog to the east or west. When the Hudson's Bay Company relinquished its title to the Dominion on July 15, 1870, via the Deed of Surrender, it received Section 8 and all of Section 26 excluding the northeast quarter. for example, to distinguish between multiple sites within an LSD. View details, map and photos of this single family property with 3 bedrooms and 2 total baths. This did not include closed or dormant files, which would fill 9,000 filing cabinets and weigh about 227 tons. All travel was either on horseback or by foot. Any object of interest (school, house, business, etc) inside this box would have a USPLS designation of T. 3 N., R. 1 E. The City of Glendale would be in T. 2 N., R. 2 E. To see the divisions between the townships, we have to zoom in to the edges of the map area and look for the red text. The Town of Powerview-Pine Falls originally incorporated under the name of the Village of Powerview. The rights of the pre-DLS settlers was a major political issue in the West in the late nineteenth century. The first survey began in 1871 and ended in 1879 and covers some of southern Manitoba and a little of Saskatchewan. "[6], The beginning of the Dominion Land Survey marked a new era for western Canada. These instruments included an alidade, dumpy level, theodolite, Gunter's chain (which was replaced by a steel tape), and a solar compass or a vernier compass. The former Town of Shoal Lake amalgamated with the former Rural Municipality (RM) of Shoal Lake to form the now-former. This precludes, for example, any basis for a boundary dispute between Alberta and Saskatchewan on account of surveying errors. The road allowances add to the size of the township (they do not cut down the size of the sections): this is the reason base lines are not exactly 24 miles (39 km) apart. Hey you! $ 900,000 . Harmsworth, MB 2016. The Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation (MASC) is a Crown corporation of the Manitoba Government, established by The Manitoba Agricultural Services Corporation Act. MLS# 1656016. The United States was undergoing rapid expansion in the 1860s, and the Canadian government was afraid that the Americans would expand into Canadian territory. To order an official Manitoba Highway Map, please call 1-800-665-0040. [11], Survey method used in most of western Canada. 1914 Map of Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan showing township, range grid markings to help locate homestead locations and placenames of 1914. The First (also Principal or Prime) Meridian at 97°27′28.41″ west, The Coast Meridian at approximately 122°45′ west, originally established before British Columbia joined the Confederation, was surveyed north from the point where the, The odd-numbered sections (except 11 and 29) were often used for, The remaining quarter sections were available as, This page was last edited on 6 September 2020, at 21:52. 2 adjacent quarters. Early settlement lots still retain their own original legal descriptions, but often have townships superimposed over them for the sake of convenience or for certain tasks. A survey party generally consisted of up to 20 members, which would include a party chief, chain men, a cook, people to saw trees, a recorder, and people to turn angles. Township lines run north and south, Range lines run east and west. 4. Another 6 meridians were established after. [5] The fourth and fifth surveys were used only in some townships in British Columbia. Report Ad. Ottawa: Surveyor General's Office, 1920. Townships 11 and 12 in range 17, west of principal meridian. University of Manitoba Libraries Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada R3T 2N2 1-204-474-8880 | For questions about content, contact archives@umanitoba.ca.For technical support or take-down requests, contact UMDigitalCollections@umanitoba.ca In Manitoba, the First Meridian is the only one used, so the abbreviations are even more terse, e.g., "3-1-W" and "24-2-E.". Web. The first formal survey done in western Canada was by Peter Fidler in 1813. ), The Association of British Columbia Land Surveyors, Natural Resources Canada. PDF. The second and smallest survey, in 1880, was used in only small areas of Saskatchewan. Its renaming occurred on May 1, 2005 when it simultaneously absorbed the neighbouring community of Pine Falls and changed to town status. [2], The inspiration for the Dominion Land Survey System was the plan for Manitoba (and later Saskatchewan and Alberta) to be agricultural economies. 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