battle at Fulford against the Viking invaders of England lead by Harold Roman Emperor Hadrian begins the impressive 73 mile defensive wall in the north of England to keep out the Picts and tax the trade. The descendants of the Dutch fight for independence from Britain in the Boer War. This dramatically increases the sinking of Allied merchant ships. Rutherford proposes the 'Solar System' model of the atom. Roman Emperor Constantine dedicates his new Eastern capital, Byzantium (Constantinople, modern day Istanbul). The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. The Allies launch a major bombing attack on the synthetic oil plants in Germany, which supplied all its aviation fuel and three-quarters of its diesel, dooming the Third Reich war machine. With the Slavery Abolition Act of 1833 coming into force, England outlaws slavery and frees 780,993 slaves in most of its possessions and takes 20 million pounds to compensation the owners. The New England ice-shipping establishment ridicule his "artificial" ice as unhealthy and John dies five years later, penniless. IBM's Deep Blue chess playing program beats a world champion, Gary Kasparov, for the first time. Using their new .50 caliber Springfield breech loading rifles, 26 soldiers from Fort Kearny, Wyoming fend off 1,500 Lakota Indians led by Red Cloud in. Each of the world history timelines on this list is part of larger resources addressing the culture, artifacts, customs, and people of the many many cultures who have lived on our planet for the past 2 million years. Nick Steinsberger, while working for Mitchell Energy at the. The smooth bore flintlock musket known as the "Brown Bess" is first used by the British. England adopts the Gregorian calendar and moves New Year's day from late March to January 1st. 580,000 Jews are killed in the restoration of Roman rule and the city of Jerusalem is reduced to rubble. Most of the history of the ancient world has been collected by archaeologists, built, in part, by the use of fragmentary records, but also through myriad dating techniques. HMS Venturer sinks German U-864 off Norway becoming the only submerged submarine on record to sink another submerged submarine. For finding this evidence supporting the Big Bang Theory, they receive the Nobel Prize in 1978. Stalin did not believe the numerous intelligence reports detailing the German buildup. The city is burned to the ground and the Tsar does not surrender. This is his 'miracle year'. Columbus is shipwrecked on Jamaica with the locals being less inclined to provide food for his sailors. Adding to his credit Recorde, also popularized the '+' sign to English. The defenders of the tiny island fight against overwhelming odds and hold the island, providing the first victory for the US in the Pacific. In one of the great mysterious of North America, the Mayan abandon their amazing cities all over Mesoamerica. The feudal leaders of Japan are swept aside by the young emperor Meiji who centralizes and reforms the government. It supports embedding Timelines with Wordpress "shortcode", and as of version 220.127.116.11, it also has experimental "oembed" support. William of Orange and Mary are crowned king and queen of Britain in the bloodless Glorious revolution after accepting a Bill of Rights which limited royal authority and enlarged constitutional law. The Century Slider, located at the bottom of the timeline, can be moved to view different periods in time. Chiang Kai-shek orders commander Xiong Xianyu to open the levies of the Yellow River and flood the countryside to prevent a Japanese invasion. 4 August. A UN brokered cease fire ends the Arab-Israeli six day war. Heisenberg probably stated his uncertainty principle. 60,000 Japanese and 1,500 British successfully attack the German-held port of Tsingtao. The Supreme Court legalizes abortion in the. The German commander had wanted to attack months ago, but Hitler refused and wanted to wait until his new super-tank could be deployed there, giving the Russians amply time to dig trenches, mine the approaches, place artillery, and prepare the battleground to their liking. Nero blames the fire on the Christians although some claimed the fire was started by Nero to clear the land. Antoni van Leeuwenhoek, father of the microscope and first microbiologist, describes seeing. Three million people die in the war, mostly civilians. Texas loses the sliver of land going into Colorado since it's northern border is now capped at 36 degrees 30 minutes. A Yellow fever epidemic breaks out as French refuges from the Haitian Revolution flee to Philadelphia and bring the dreaded disease with them. Germ theory is born. Instead of each state's legislature selecting them, United States senators are now to be elected by popular vote. Air power would soon make these ships largely obsolete. Offers a chronological timeline of important dates, events, and milestones in United States history. Fortunately for him, the Americas got in the way. Rome has the five "Good Emperors": Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antonius Pius and Marcus Aurelius. During the Crimean War, Lord Cardigan led the British cavalry against the Russians in what would become known as "The Charge of the Light Brigade". Gerardus Mercator publishes his cylindrical projection of the earth. This is a concrete statement that Rome could no longer hold its enemies back at the border. Mexico's new constitution abolishes slavery. Tens of thousands of Huguenots (French Protestants) are killed in France. The boy never develops smallpox. Section highlights. For centuries the Comanches were better armed since they could loose 6 arrows in the time it took to reload a single shot rife; now with the Colt revolver the Comanche weapons dominance is over. Many Huguenots are killed and many (like my ancestors) flee France. Oddly enough, Pluto is far too small to affect the orbit of Uranus. Claudius Ptolemy devises a framework of Astronomy which will last for 1400 years. The. The machine gun accelerates the colonization of Africa. European Intervention: Egypt Viceroy Muhammad Ali attempts to modernize; seeks funds from Europe for the building of a canal along Suez (links Red Sea with the Mediterranean) British gain control of Egypt after conflicts arise over canal ownership major source of cotton crop To correct for the drifting of the equinox from March 21, Pope Gregory XIII decrees that the next day would be October 15. Although the Western capital, Rome, will fall in 476, the Eastern Roman Empire will survive another thousand years. At 4am a value fails to close at the Three Mile Island nuclear plant in Pennsylvania allowing cooling water to drain from the reactor. 1 ways to abbreviate World History updated 2020. A vertical template of a timeline works well to show the history of an era, country or project. There he studies astronomy, medicine, law, and Greek rhetoric and philosophy. The beginning of the Mississippian Cahokia culture in America, the most advanced of the plains people. Thomas Newcomen creates the first successful steam engine used to evacuate water from mines. Spices are brought back to Portugal, the return on investment was an amazing 60 times the initial investment. Near Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, Orville and Wilbur Wright fly 37 meters in the first heavier than air aircraft. Sir William Jones, Chief Justice of India, proposes that Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, and many European languages were all descended from a common Proto-Indo-European language. Only 16 people lost their lives in the inferno. The largest tank engagement, the Battle of Kursk, is fought between the Germans and the Russians. Guglielmo Marconi sends the first wireless transatlantic radio signal from England to Newfoundland. In a sense this is the final fall of the Roman Empire. Uncoordinated revolutions take place all over Europe in the. The Mongols destroyed so many books by throwing them into Tigris that its water was colored black from the ink. Mexican forces under the command of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna overwhelm the rebellious Texans inside the Alamo in a battle that lasts but ninety minutes. The most deadly single day air raid in WWII occurs when Tokyo is fire-bombed resulting in over 100,000 causalities. Vast social changes result. He discovers three different ways to calculate Avogadro's Number. Many have speculated that if Custer had not split his troops, and kept the cannon, he could have won easily. Harold Godwinson was defeated, and the period of Norman domination began. Many blame Benjamin Franklin and his experiments with electricity for the freak weather. Ignaz Semmelweis, a Hungarian doctor, noticing the high incidence of childhood fevers, suggests that after doing autopsies physicians should wash their hands before delivering babies. Mahomet II using European artillery mercenaries destroys the walls. The American Civil War finally ends when Confederate General Edmund Smith, commander of all forces west of the Mississippi, surrenders the last Confederate army in the field. After 13 years, 2,326 U.S. military deaths, 20,083 American wounded, 26,000 civilian Afghan deaths, and a trillion dollars, the US led war in Afghanistan winds down. American commanders who knew the war was to be over in hours still sent soldiers into battle to. Christiaan Huygens, inspired by Galileo's observations about pendulums having a constant swing rate, invents the first working pendulum clock. Browse and search thousands of History Abbreviations and acronyms in our comprehensive reference resource. 400,000 Union soldiers and 200,000 Confederate soldiers are killed in the conflict. The armed forces of Queen Isabella I and King Ferdinand V conquer Granada, the last Moorish fortress in Spain. da Gama, who earns a reputation of being very cruel, returns later with 20 warships to enforce trade agreements. German inventor Johann Gutenberg revolutionizes knowledge transfer. (The B-29 program cost 3 billion dollars, while the atomic bomb cost less, 2 billion). Khrushchev and Kennedy come to an agreement. The Aztec tribe is forced to flee their homeland to a remote island in a lake because they sacrificed a young Colhua princess from the neighboring tribe to their god instead of marrying her to a prince. Oddly the fire slows the progress of the plague by destroying so many rats. In either case the. Jealous of his fame, members of the Spanish court convince the King that Balboa is guilty of treason. Borlaug saves millions of lives in India, which after much bureaucratic red tape, finally allows the grain to be grown locally. (The authorities never accepted his explanation and after the outbreak, they replaced the Broad Street pump that was three feet from a cesspit.). Napoleon Bonaparte conquers Malta and outlaws slavery. Find out what is the most common shorthand of World History Center on Abbreviations.com! Remember William the Conqueror was from French Normandy, and still retained control of his French lands when he won the English Crown in 1066. The Chemical Bank of Rockville Center New York, presents the world with the first ATM machine. The Black Plague (aka Bubonic) in Europe kills about 75 million. Not content to be the ruler of the Palmyrene Empire in Syria, the beautiful Warrior Queen Zenobia breaks with Rome and invades Egypt. One hundred thousand Americans protest against the Vietnam War in Washington DC. Japanese attack Wake island. In 1918 the US Congress officially adopts the four time zones. Amazingly, firearm technology stagnates and this gun is used for 116 years until replaced by a smoothbore musket with percussion cap. Leonhard Euler solves the "Basel Problem", or what is the exact sum of the squares of the reciprocals of the natural numbers, (i.e., 1+1/4+1/9+1/16+ ....). He publishes four vastly different papers. Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian's dream of revitalizing the Eastern and Western Roman Empires is dealt a severe blow, but the bad news is just starting. Marco Polo starts on his alleged trip to China. The car will now be affordable to ordinary Americans and change manufacturing forever. The Hundred Years War between England and France starts when the king of France invades Gascony, which is held by the English King Edward III, although under homage to the French king. Pendulum clocks will be the most accurate timepieces for 270 years. The US suffers its worst maritime disaster when the overcrowded steamboat. William Eaton leads the first American overseas military action on land. The gold taken from the the Temple finances the Colosseum back in Rome. The largest amphibious landing in history, the invasion of Normandy, starts. Custer's men were armed primarily with the Springfield single shot rifles. In the first major use of modern chemical weapons, German forces open canisters of Chlorine gas to float across the battlefield near Ypres. Fall of the Mayan Classic culture. Since this engine was five times more efficient than Newcomen's, it was practical for many new uses ushering in our modern age by powering the Industrial Revolution. News of this once-in-a-species event reached England on the day of Queen Elizabeth II's coronation. At the University of Chicago Enrico Fermi and friends generate the first self-sustained nuclear reaction. Spanish explorer Juan Pardo establishes the earliest Spanish outpost in the interior of North Carolina, part of a series of six forts in Appalachia. Sputnik I becomes the first man-made satellite. Emperor Trajan extends Rome's territories to the largest they will ever be. The Battle of Vienna is the high water mark of the Ottoman Empire. Torrential rains causing crops to rot in the field followed by terrible winters that freeze the rivers of northern Europe so solid horse carts use the Rhine for a road and then three years of no summers and horrible winters that cause famine and disease cause some Norse to believe that Fimbulwinter, the precursor to Ragnarok, the dreadful apocalyptic end of time and death of the gods, has started. Toyotomi Hideyoshi has launched the Kyūshū Campaign . The florin would remain a popular coin for five centuries. Telegraph equipment still can transmit messages without batteries due to the induced currents from the "Carrington Event". The Chinese rover Yutu, "Jade Rabbit", lands on the surface of the moon to start its 31 month mission. Explore all of British history, from the Neolithic to the present day, with this easy-to-use interactive timeline. Toyotomi Hideyoshi has prevailed over the Late Hōjō clan in the Siege of Odawara in the Kantō region, completing the re-unification of Japan. James Clerk Maxwell completes his four equations of electromagnetism. Niemen into Russia. Ernst Ruska creates the first electron microscope in Germany. The United States enters World War I against Germany. They kill 1,500 French troops at the Battle of Crecy using the new super weapon of the time, the Welsh Longbow, while suffering less than 100 casualties themselves. Although the Chinese developed gunpowder by mixing 75 percent saltpeter, 15 percent charcoal, and 10 percent sulfur centuries earlier for fireworks, the black powder is used as a weapon perhaps for the first time in the siege of Wuchang. The US Senate passes the Missouri Compromise admitting Maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state in a futile attempt to ease tensions with slave proponents and abolitionists. Germans cryptographers secretly break the Allied Naval Cipher 3 and read the Allied communications. Afterwards Sir Christopher Wren decrees new buildings will be made of brick and the streets to be widened. In an amazing navigation feat, Tahitians sail to Hawaii and enslave the local inhabitants who had arrived around 800 years earlier. Unfortunately the new numbering system doesn't really take hold in Europe until the 14th century. Columbus, after consulting his almanac, tells the Jamaicans that God is displeased with them and He will blot out the moon in three days. Napoleon takes Moscow, but its a hallow victory. Emperor Aurelian eventually defeats her. William brought with him the French practice of building stone The M1 gave US troops in WWII tremendous advantage over the single shot rifles in the Asian theater. Robert the Bruce becomes Robert I of Scotland. William Herschel discovers Uranus using a telescope - the first planet found in modern times. Philip II's "Invincible" Spanish Armada of 130 ships embark for England, but are delayed by bad weather, giving the English more time to prepare. At the Battle of Little Big Horn, the Sioux, Cheyenne, and Crow Indians defeat General George Custer's troops. Check out the 100 Most Significant Events of the Last Thousand Years, an ancient history timeline, world history timelines and more. 17 million people die from his conquests. In a decision that puzzled his staff, Hitler, without consulting that staff, declares war on the United States. Unknown to his employers, John Leal is the first person to add chlorine to a public water supply, saving thousands of people from typhoid fever and a host of other diseases in Jersey City. Vasco Nunez de Balboa is the first European to see the Pacific ocean. The natives will attack all forts in 18 months, burn them to the ground and kill all but one of the Spaniards. Thomas Edison invents the amazing phonograph to record voice and music. After two hours of teaching itself, it was better than human players; after four hours, it beat the best chess programs in the world. BBC History - Timelines index page. Champollion will read for the first time in over a thousand years the history of ancient Egypt. Bing Crosby uses it to tape delay his show. Admiral Perry visits Japan with his Black Ships and forces Japan to trade with the US. If you’re managing a team, try a template of a timeline that assigns tasks. 353 Japanese planes and 5 midget submarines launch a surprise attack on the US military bases in Hawaii sinking four battleships and killing 2,401 Americans. He had a gift for the local languages and communicated with the local peoples. Under the direction of president George W. Bush, US and British forces invade Iraqi to rid the country of its weapons of mass destruction. Homo Sapiens settles in Europe, Asia and These territories provide Japan a launching pad for WWII. One million Chinese died from the resulting floods, and resentment to the Nationalist government over the flooding, drove more people into the Communist camp. This is the first use of a forward observer to direct artillery fire whose crews cannot see their targets. Three hundred German bombers drop 337 tons of bombs on London starting fifty-seven consecutive days of bombing known as "The Blitz". Largest bio-terrorist attack in the United States modern history occurs in The Dalles, Oregon. Between 30 and 60 million people die in the Great Famine as the rains fail in India, China, and many other countries. Abbreviated History. Territory above 36 degrees 30 minutes latitude are free states. He stated three laws of planetary motion. Francisco de Orellana is the first European to navigate down the length of the Amazon river enduring many hardships. Workers become a scarce commodity, increasing their bargaining power with employers. After 11 years, 58,000 American dead, and 2 million Vietnamese killed, the Vietnam War finally ends. It lasted five months and the death toll of over one million was for the sake of an Allied control of 125 square miles. Alfred goes on to fund international prizes with his dynamite fortune. Edwin Drake had just completed the first oil well in America the day before. 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