Statistics from the first three years of … Members of 8 Platoon, C Company, 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, in the battalion lines at Enoggera, Queensland, prior to deployment to Vietnam in May 1966. Australia had conscription in place and active , before the Vietnam war in 1972 ,( or somewhere close to that) in the elections, the labor party defeated the democratic party. Birthdays. The first, in May 1970, brought over 200,000 people onto the streets across the country. I have a friend who recently had a birthday - he turned 59. Members of 8 Platoon, C Company, 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment. After their full-time service, they were required to serve for 3 1/2 years part time. I have a friend who recently had a birthday - he turned 59. Birthdays were drawn from 366 blue plastic capsules. Between 1965 and 1972, almost 15,500 national servicemen served in the Vietnam War. Australia had conscription in place and active , before the Vietnam war in 1972 ,( or somewhere close to that) in the elections, the labor party defeated the democratic party. ‘Of course, if you didn't register that was when you became a conscientious objector. Keri Phillips looks at the chequered history of conscription in Australia on the 50th anniversary of the first ‘birthday ballot’ for the Vietnam War-era National Service Scheme. How likely were you to be drafted during the Vietnam war if you were eligible? ‘The army got more people than it needed from the ballot, so it could choose. These lotteries occurred during "the draft" — a period of conscription, controlled by the President, from just before World War II to 1973. As is the way with these schemes, gradually fewer and fewer people were inducted, and by '59 it was suspended.’, Related: Rethinking the 20th century through an anti-war lens. This could include overseas service in Vietnam. While children do receive lì xì (lucky money) at Tết, my students were quick to tell me this isn’t in celebration of their increase in age per se. The other service which used draftees very briefly was the Marine Corps. You must provide a credit to the ABC as follows: Clip/Main Title [Luck of the draw: the Vietnam 'birthday ballot'] provided by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Two hundred were killed, just under half of all Australian fatalities. You could defer your national service until you finished your studies if you were a university student or an apprentice. In 1940 Congress passed the Selective Training and Service Act which created the first peacetime draft and established the Selective Service System as an independent federal agency. Conscription during the Vietnam War | State Library of South … Not only is Tet the beginning of a New Year, it is also everyone's birthday. As you understood about to the young people forced to be drafted in the army during the Vietnam War? ‘Then there was a much more radical wing which was basically using Vietnam as a symbol for all that they saw as wrong with western capitalist democratic society. Not many people these days think that their children's lives would be enhanced from learning to fight and kill in the way that in the past they may have.’, Edwards agrees: ‘I think it's absolutely clear across the political spectrum now that no government in circumstances that we can foresee, unless there is a very strong immediate threat to not just Australian interests, but probably to the Australian mainland itself, would even conceive of reintroducing compulsory national service.’. Everyones birthday is celebrated on new years day. Otherwise, you had to serve two years full-time in the regular army and three years part-time in the reserves. Those sent to 'special service areas' overseas such as Vietnam, and the dependents of such men, were also entitled to settle their affairs at the Army's expense before leaving Australia. There were those who objected on religious grounds, there were people who objected just to the Vietnam War because they thought it was an immoral war, there were people who objected to all wars, and there were civil libertarians who objected to the system and who said it's wrong to conscript people.’. General John Wilton, the chief of army, hoped to recruit people who actually wanted to join the army and to attract them with good pay and conditions of service. Birthdays are not usually celebrated in Vietnam. Vietnam Lotteries A lottery drawing – the first since 1942 – was held on December 1, 1969, at Selective Service National Headquarters in Washington, D.C. All five men were called up in the first intake of national service in July 1965. And we Aussies were only there because we agreed to support the US in conflicts, not because we had any personal connection to Vietnam. The Vietnam War Selective Service Lottery and the U.S. From approximately 1962-1972 over 50,000 Australian Servicemen fought in Vietnam, of which over 19,000 were drafted men. In this clip, watch the process the Australian government put in place to choose men for this life-changing task. Forty years ago, on December 1, 1969, the first Vietnam draft lottery was held, which used birthdays to determine the random order in which young men would be chosen for military service in 1970. Conscription was again suspended in the years after WWII but returned in 1951 with the outbreak of the Korean War. The following shows the number of men who were inducted into military service through the Selective Service System during the major 20th century conflicts. When the lottery took effect, men were assigned a number between 1 and 366. The Court rejected that view and in the process made it clear that objection to a particular war, as opposed to war in any form, was an impermissible basis for asserting a claim of conscientious objection. Group 001 birthdays would be the first group to be called upon. There had always been a moral case for national service as well as a military case, and often that came to the fore. This event determined the order of call for induction during calendar year 1970; that is, for registrants born between January 1, 1944, and December 31, 1950. The capsules were then drawn out and opened, one by one, and assigned sequentially rising numbers. Vietnam War Era Draft Lotteries 1970 – 1971 – 1972 Draft Lotteries ‘WINNING’ THE LOTTERY The lowest numbers drawn were called for induction into the military first, so men always hoped to draw a high number in the draft lottery. Inside here today were 181 marbles, representing birthdays. During those years, the Selective Service used a lottery to determine the order in which draft age men would be called up for duty, usually in Vietnam. The Vietnam War call-up for young Australian men that came … Birthdays are not usually celebrated in Vietnam. In Australia they pulled certain birthdays out of the hat, if it was your birthday you had to go no matter what. The lottery of 1969 was conceived to address perceived inequities in the draft system as it existed previously, and to add more military personnel towards the Vietnam War.The war had arisen from a series of conflicts dating back to the early stages of French colonialism and Japanese occupation of Vietnam in World War II.In 1963, South Vietnamese generals seized power in Saigon in … While children do receive lì xì (lucky money) at Tết, my students were quick to tell me this isn’t in celebration of their increase in age per se. For more information about induction statistics, call Selective Service at 703-605-4100. ‘This was massively electorally popular,’ says Mark Dapin, author of The Nashos' War: Australia's national servicemen and Vietnam. * 9,087,000 military personnel served on active duty during the Vietnam Era (Aug. 5, 1964-May 7, 1975). From 1965 to 1972, 804,000 young men registered for national service, 63,375 conscripts served in the army, 19,450 in Vietnam; 1479 were injured and 200 killed. Two were present at the momentous battle of Long Tan in August 1966. Keri Phillips looks at the chequered history of conscription in Australia on the 50th anniversary of the first ‘birthday ballot’ for the Vietnam War-era National Service Scheme. The registration requirement was suspended in … ‘But because such large numbers of young men were involved, it took an enormous number of professional soldiers to train them, and eventually this became a major task of the army in the 1950s and it became slowly apparent that it wasn't really worth doing on a military basis, and only the moral arguments remained. This determined the order in which men born in 1951 were called to report for induction into the military Vietnam army buddies were neighbors in Detroit for 18 YEARS but … It could choose not to have potential conscientious objectors, but it could also choose the fittest and the brightest, and it did.’. ‘In the year that you turned 20, you had to sign a register,’ says historian Bobbie Oliver from Curtin University. Many of the rioters were poor Irish immigrants. In the 1960s hundreds of thousands of United States troops were involved in support of South Vietnam and the Australian government also decided to commit troops. The Canadian government did not officially participate in the war. Your information is handled in accordance with the ABC Privacy Collection Statement. 1969 - President Nixon orders the "19-year-old draft": if a young man is not drafted at age 19, he will be exempt from future military service except in the event of war or national emergency. In Australia they pulled certain birthdays out of the hat, if it was your birthday you had to go no matter what. 1 and No. All five men were called up in the first intake of national service in July 1965. Conscription, however, was taking place against the backdrop of the war becoming increasingly unpopular. Once again, the idea was politically popular, although those running Australia’s armed services were not so enthusiastic. © State of Victoria (Department of Education and Training). Over 63,000 Australian men were conscripted (drafted) during the war. The Vietnam War had considerable effects on Canada, but Canada and Canadians also affected the war.. This was the fate that awaited the men whose birth dates were chosen in the Vietnam ballot. During the war, two referenda were held on an issue that divided the nation—whether or not conscripts should be sent to fight overseas. It was a process that would cause great debate between its supporters and detractors in the years that followed. Members have even been identified in the Australian Army Training Team Vietnam[2] and detachments of the Special Air Service Regiment. It was a lottery supposed to be based on the month and day you were born. Today more than 70 countries, including Vietnam, have some form of mandatory military service, and although the idea is raised in Australia every so often, no government has taken it up since the National Service Scheme ended. He was 20 years old, and the Vietnam War was raging a half a world away. By the 1960s, Australia had a much smaller army which supposedly more professional, highly trained and well equipped. Not only is Tet the beginning of a New Year, it is also everyone's birthday. Approximately 850,000 men were affected by the 1969 draft lottery. In 1973, the draft ended and the U.S. converted to an All-Volunteer military. This event determined the order of call for induction during calendar year 1970; that is, for registrants born between January 1, … Not until 1987 were the Vietnam veterans allowed their big welcome home parade, and the year after the government started building the Vietnam Forces National Memorial in Canberra. For the lottery, 366 blue plastic capsules, each containing one date of the calendar year, were dumped in a large glass container. Any number that was 195 and lower was drafted at the time. Although only 25 percent of the military force in the combat zones were draftees, the system of conscription caused many young American men to volunteer for the armed forces in order to have more of a choice of which division in the military they would serve. ‘Roughly 8 per cent of the total number of people eligible for call-up were actually called up,’ says Edwards. In this clip, watch the process the Australian government put in place to choose men for this life-changing task. The word at the time is that you would be 4-F, physically unfit, if you had flat feet. When it became clear that the government was going force him to accept conscripts, he was determined to get the sort of scheme that suited the military: one which had a requirement to serve overseas and was highly selective. In the four major wars of the 20th Century millions of American males were drafted into the armed forces. “If your country needed you, there were no excuses, no cowardice and no second thoughts in serving your country,†he said. Please ensure you read copyright statements for individual resources and understand the terms and conditions for any resource you intend to use. That was how Australia went to war 50 years ago yesterday. Mark Dapin interviewed more than 150 former national servicemen for his book, The Nashos' War. The Air Force, Navy and Coast Guard did not use draftees during the Vietnam Era. It was initiated by Australia's longest serving prime minister, Robert Menzies, who had long supported the idea, especially as similar schemes were operated by the UK and the US. VIETNAM WAR STATISTICS IN UNIFORM AND IN COUNTRY... * Vietnam Vets: 9.7% of their generation. Birthdays. How did they know you had flat feet? Results for Men Facing the Draft in 1971 . There were exemptions given to college students if they passed a special exam provided by the draft board (to show that they were somewhat educated). In today’s all-volunteer military, the idea of someone being forced into … ‘At the time, the Australian government was much more worried about a conflict which we've almost forgotten these days, the Indonesian Confrontation,’ explains Peter Edwards, the official historian of Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War and the author of Australia and the Vietnam War. It's a fun … Birthday Celebrations from Vietnam. Lower numbers were called first. Birthday Celebrations from Vietnam. Conscripts were not part of the Australian forces who served in Korea, Malaya and Borneo. Men who were married before being called up and those who had a serious criminal history were … ‘In the year that you turned 20, you had to sign a register,’ says historian Bobbie Oliver from Curtin University. By the end of 1968, there were more than 500,000 American troops engaged in the conflict in Vietnam. Lottery Numbers, by Birth Date, for Selective Service Lottery Held July 1, 1970. If he didn’t enlist, he knew he’d be drafted. Until 1973, American men were drafted to fill the needs of the country’s armed forces that could not be met by volunteers. He alleged that if section 6(j) were construed to cover only objectors to all war, it would violate the religion clauses of the First Amendment. Draft Just after 12.30pm on August 3, 1962, the plane carrying the first Australian Army Training Team Vietnam (AATTV) touched down in Saigon. The Vietnamese do not know or acknowledge the exact day they were born. SINGER Normie Rowe - Australia's most famous conscript - is questioning how he came to spend a year fighting in Vietnam after learning his birth date was never drawn from the ballot. From 1954 communist North Vietnam and South Vietnam were at war. Listen to the full episode of Rear Vision to find out more about the history of national service in Australia. From left: Private Rodney Cox of Ganmain, NSW; Private Gordon Stafford of Gunnedah, NSW; Private Neil (Pop) Baker of Newcastle, NSW; Private Mark (Scrub) Minell of Moree, NSW; Private Graham Irvine of Coolamon, NSW. For support or guidance, please contact, http://splash.abc.net.au/media/-/m/521089, National Service Training by Ballot, Conscription, Vietnam War, Military service, Chronological order. The registration requirement was suspended in April 1975. history Vietnam War By Ingeborg van Teeseling. After the war, compulsory military training gradually wound down. The U.S. held its first draft lottery on Dec. 1, 1969, giving young men a random number tied to their birthdays. A baby turns one on Tet no matter when he/she was born that year. When the Second World War broke out, the Menzies government  brought back military service in the form of three months of CMF (Citizens Military Forces) training for all men who were turning 21. The purpose of this site is to collect and share the stories of American men who were subject to the Vietnam war draft lotteries in the years 1969 through 1972. People could be exempted in some circumstances. Military history of Australia during the Vietnam War - Wikipedia The linking of conscription with Vietnam greatly multiplied the strength of the protest movement, which fell into two distinct camps. ‘There was a more moderate movement which included Labor parliamentarians, for example, and many people in society generally, who just said this is a war that we shouldn't be in, we are not likely to win it, maybe we are putting ourselves on the wrong side of Asian opinion,’ explains Edwards. ‘The kind of war where large numbers of perhaps lightly trained infantry are required doesn't really happen anymore. African-Americans also complained that they were disproportionately drafted, assigned to combat units and killed in Vietnam. Although only 25 percent of the military force in the combat zones were draftees, the system of conscription caused many young American men to volunteer for the armed forces in order to have more of a choice of which division in the military they would serve. Those called up were selected through a ballot of birthdays. However, it contributed to peacekeeping forces in 1973 to help enforce the Paris Peace Accords.. ‘[The government] was worried that that might escalate the conflict between Indonesia and the new Federation of Malaysia in Borneo, but they were also worried that it might escalate into a direct confrontation between Indonesian and Australian forces on the island of New Guinea.’. Other memorials had been erected almost straight after a war had ended, with the initiative taken by the Australian … ‘Throughout the period of this national service scheme it had about 80 per cent support from the voters, Labor, Liberal, everyone. Vietnam Lotteries A lottery drawing – the first since 1942 – was held on December 1, 1969, at Selective Service National Headquarters in Washington, D.C. For those born in 1950, however, being drafted in 1970 was a very real prospect. Attribute the copyright owner and author. Was the Vietnam Draft on This Is Us Historically Accurate? The last man inducted entered the U.S. Army on June 30, 1973 during the last draft conducted. You can copy and share this content for educational purposes.This work cannot be changed. Therefore, it was pure coincidence that two consecutive dates I thought all Americans were eligible for the draft no what what their background was. The second, in December the following year, was defeated by a larger margin. From 1948 until 1973, during both peacetime and periods of conflict, men were drafted to fill vacancies in the armed forces which could not be filled through voluntary means. During 1965, North Vietnam expanded the size of its army by 290,000 personnel and its self-defense militia from 1.4 million to 2.0 million. Discover the most famous people from Vietnam including Vy Qwaint, Lana Condor, Tina Le, Lovely Mimi, Eudrip and many more. The calculator, of course, does not use your birth year because many of us When I teach students about the Vietnam War I like to get all their birthdays and tell them who would have been drafted and who wouldn't have. Therefore, it was pure coincidence that two consecutive dates were matched with No. Eligibility for legal protection from finance agreements including mortgages, debts, contracts and hire purchase agreements made before the national serviceman received his call-up notice. During the Vietnam War era, between 1964 and 1973, the U.S. military drafted 2.2 million American men out of an eligible pool of 27 million. Update to the latest version for the best experience of FUSE. 96 were drawn to provide a nucleus of 4,200 young men for training this year after exemptions and deferments have been decided upon. (365 days per year plus one to account for leap year birthdays.) ‘Between 1965 and '72, the years when it was operating, over 800,000 young men were eligible for the call-up and registered, but about 63,000 went into the army, and of those about 15,000 actually served in Vietnam. Rethinking the 20th century through an anti-war lens. Rear Vision puts contemporary events in their historical context, answering the question, ‘How did it come to this?’. I thought all Americans were eligible for the draft no what what their background was. How would you feel if your birth date was picked out of a barrel, lottery-style, and you were ordered to report for military duty? In 1973, the draft ended and the U.S. converted to an All-Volunteer military. Conscripts were could initially only serve in Australia and its territories but after New Guinea was invaded by the Japanese, the government, by this stage Labor under Curtin, allowed conscripts to be sent within the south-west Pacific. 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